The 20 most famous scientists in history
The history of science is full of famous scientists who have devoted their entire lives to the profession. Here is a compilation of some of the most well-known and influential in the modern sciences.
Isaac Newton (1643-1727), Famous Scientists Isaac Newton (1643-1727):
He is considered one of the greatest geniuses that have existed in the field of science. Not only was he an excellent physicist, but also a mathematician and astronomer. Among his contributions are the invention of calculation, the proposition that white light is a combination of all visible colors, created the three laws of dynamics and the famous law of gravity. (more about Newton)
Albert Einstein (1879-1955), Famous Scientists
Albert Einstein (1879-1955): He is possibly the best known scientist in the world, making great contributions to physics and mathematics, the best of them when he was only 26 years old. Among them stand out one of the first empirical tests to prove the existence of atoms, the theory of relativity that establishes the formula to calculate the energy E = mc2 and the proposition that light was formed by what we know today as photons, theory that merited a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. (more on Einstein)
Curiosity: One of his most famous phrases expresses that although he did not know what the armament would be in a Third World War, the fourth would be with sticks and stones.
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), Famous Scientists
Galileo Galilei (1564-1642): He is called the father of physics, astronomy and modern sciences. Known for having confronted the Catholic Church defending the ideas of Nicolaus Copernicus on the solar system, a research he did helped by having invented a telescope that allowed him to observe the universe. With this he also recorded moons on the planet Jupiter. Among other contributions he designed the pendulum clock, a microscope, directly influenced the laws of motion of Newton and is generally credited with laying the foundations of the scientific method that is used today. (more about Galileo)
Charles Darwin (1809-1882), Famous Scientists
Charles Darwin (1809-1882): He was an expeditionary who traveled through several countries of the world observed natural life and that would eventually lead him to write the origin of the species. According to his theory, the characteristics of each species have been transmitted from one generation to another through natural selection, which is nothing more than the survival of the most suitable specimen. This theory could be applied to all the creatures of the planet and at the moment it continues being valid being the base of all the theories on adaptation and evolution. (more about Darwin)
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790), Famous Scientists
Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790): He is considered the most famous American of the eighteenth century. He is known for his contributions in matters of politics and culture to his nation, but above all things he was a great scientist. His inclination for the properties of electricity led him to invent the lightning rod. He also created bifocal lenses, a urinary catheter, the odometer, as well as many discoveries in the field of physics and oceanography.
Curiosity: Among his inventions is the crystal harmonica, a musical instrument for which Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart would create two compositions.
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519), Famous Scientists
Leonardo Da Vinci (1452-1519): The hundreds of Da Vinci’s inventions make him one of the greatest creative geniuses that ever existed. He ventured both science and art. Among his many occupations are painting, sculpture, biology, architect, weapons designer, anatomy and physics. He is the author of the most famous painting in the world “La Mona Lisa” and in addition to “The Last Supper”.
Louis Pasteur (1822-1895):
Famous chemist and physicist who made innumerable contributions to the natural sciences. Its main legacy is the invention of pasteurization, a process that allows the preservation without decomposition of a large number of food products. In addition, his propositions that diseases could be transmitted between microscopic living organisms were advanced for his time and promoted the use of sterilization of medical material in the future.
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630), Famous Scientists
Johannes Kepler (1571-1630): Theologian, mathematician and astronomer who stands out for having created the laws on the orbital movement of the planets around the sun. In his various publications he proposed one of the first ideas that the universe was not static, but was immersed in continuous changes, based on the observation of a supernova that today bears his name.
Marie Curie (1867-1934), Famous Scientists
Marie Curie (1867-1934): Possibly the most well-known woman scientist in the world, which is justified by her two Nobel Prizes, of Physics in 1903 and chemistry in 1911, she is the only woman who has achieved it in two categories different The first one was due to his research on radioactivity, coining the term herself. The second by the discovery of the polonium and radio chemical elements.
Curiosity: His legacy to humanity would cost him his life by dying of leukemia, the product of a lifetime exposed to radioactive materials.
Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931), Famous Scientists
Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931): Inventor par excellence has in his curriculum with more than a thousand inventions. He managed to perfect the incandescent lamp to achieve a filament that was able to last more than two days on. Its effect Edison would be the foundation of the radio valve and electronics, in addition to immense contributions in the cinematography machines.
Curiosity: Statistically if you take the amount of your inventions in your years of adult life Edison has an invention every 15 days.
Archimedes of Syracuse (287 a.C.-212 a.C.), Famous Scientists
Archimedes of Syracuse (287 a.C.-212 a.C.): Although there is very little data of his life is considered one of the greatest scientists of antiquity. He excelled in mathematics, physics and astronomy although he made innumerable discoveries and inventions, among the main ones are the explanation of the operation of the lever, the demonstration of volume ratio between the cylinder and the sphere and the Archimedes screw.
Curiosity: Although Archimedes did not calculate exactly the value of the constant Pi, he placed it between fractions 223/71 and 22/7, whose average is 3.1418.
Alfred Nobel (1833-1896), Famous Scientists
Alfred Nobel (1833-1896): Inventor and chemical creator of dynamite, as well as various types of explosive materials. His inventions benefited both the construction industry and the military. After creating an immense fortune, Nobel decides to amend as much as possible all the damage that his inventions caused in the war scenarios, leaving most of his fortune to create the famous Nobel Prizes, awarded to those people who contribute most to humanity.
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884), Famous Scientists
Gregor Mendel (1822-1884): He was a monk born in Austria noted for his discoveries in genetics. By experimenting with peas, he was able to determine certain patterns that were produced during reproduction and that implied the transfer of the characteristics of the parents to the new generations. Thus he conceived what today are known as alleles, gene and dominant and recessive character, principles that are the basis of genetics at present.
Curiosity: In life, Mendel’s work was never considered. It is not until 1990 that it was discovered to revolutionize genetic research.
Max Planck (1858-1974), Famous Scientists
Max Planck (1858-1947): German physicist discoverer of the constant that bears his name that allowed the evaluation of the energy of a photon. He was one of the first in the world to realize the significance of Einstein’s theory of relativity. For his scientific contributions he is recognized as the founder of quantum theory, a research that would earn him a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1918.
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662), Famous Scientists
Blaise Pascal (1623-1662): French scientist outstanding in physics, mathematics and natural sciences although he was also a philosopher and writer. Creator of one of the oldest mechanical calculators that have existed called “Pascal wheel”, in addition to several investigations on the vacuum and pressure, as well as the law of communicating vessels. Despite his deep conviction in science, he did not see it separate from religion, but as he strengthened it, argument on which he wrote dissimilar works.
Nikola Tesla (1856-1943):
Prominent physicist of Serbian origin, creator of several inventions in the field of magnetic forces and electricity. He proposed a worldwide system for the transmission of electrical energy without cables, created several uses for alternating current, the Tesla coil, and is recognized by the patent for the invention of the radio.
René Descartes (1596-1650), Famous Scientists
René Descartes (1596-1650): Mathematician, philosopher and French physicist known as the discoverer of analytical geometry. His philosophy is known as Cartesianism or Cartesian philosophy, which was based on doubting all his beliefs and everything that he could not be sure, arriving at the conclusion that although his ability to think was true, he could not be sure of the existence of his own body.
Alexander Fleming (1881-1955), Famous Scientists
Alexander Fleming (1881-1955): Microbiologist of Scottish origin, known for the discovery of the antibiotic properties of penicillin obtained from the fungus Penicillium chrysogenum. He also created the enzyme called lizosima, which is found in the human body as well as several natural products and has an action repellent to several infections.
Curiosity: The two main discoveries of Fleming happened by chance. Penicillin due to the growth of fungi in a plated petri dish, and the lizosima when dropping particles from a sneeze onto a petri dish. However, they demonstrate the great vision and intuition of their mind.
Michael Faraday (1791-1867), Famous Scientists
Michael Faraday (1791-1867): Physicist and chemist born in the United Kingdom, discoverer of electromagnetic induction and electrolysis, investigations that would later give way to the creation of the electric motor. He also discovered benzene, the oxidation number system and the Faraday effect, the first study on the interaction between magnetism and light.
Aristotle (384 a.C.-322 a.C.), Famous Scientists
Aristotle (384 a.C.-322 a.C.): Disciple of Plato who made dissimilar contributions in most branches of human knowledge. He created the theory of syllogisms, the principle of non-contradiction and exhaustively studied fallacies. He also described several living species in detail and made several theories that, although many of them did not reach the present, were essential for later studies.
Although there are many to mention, surely these are undoubtedly some of the best-known famous scientists in history.